Powered Industrial Trucks | Materials Handling
This section contains safety requirements relating to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines.
Section 1910.178 does not applyto compressed air or nonflammable compressed gas-operated industrial trucks, nor to farm vehicles and vehicles intended primarily for earth moving or over-the-road hauling.
Only stable or safely arranged loads shall be handled. Caution shall be used when handling off-center loads which cannot be centered.
Only loads within the rated capacity of the truck shall be handled.
The long or high (including multiple-tiered) loads which may affect capacity shall be adjusted.
Trucks equipped with attachments shall be operated as partially loaded trucks when not handling a load.
A load engaging means shall be placed under the load as far as possible; the mast shall be carefully tilted backward to stabilize the load.
Extreme care shall be used when tilting the load forward or backward, particularly when high tiering. Tilting forward with load engaging means elevated shall be prohibited except to pick up a load. An elevated load shall not be tilted forward except when the load is in a deposit position over a rack or stack. When stacking or tiering, only enough backward tilt to stabilize the load shall be used.
Forklift drivers must be trained on the type of vehicle they will be operating before they are allowed to drive the vehicle independently. The training must consist of instruction (both classroom-type and practical training) in proper vehicle operation, the hazards of operating the vehicle in the workplace, and the requirements of the powered industrial truck standard. See TRAINING chapter for more information.
Refresher training must be done whenever an accident or near-miss occurs, when the operator is driving unsafely, conditions in the workplace change, or if assigned to operate a different type of vehicle.
An evaluation of driver performance must be conducted at least once every three years. Certification of the training and evaluation must be recorded to verify that the driver is competent to perform the duties safely.
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