- Refuses to operate a vehicle which fails to meet safety regulations;
- Reports violations of vehicle safety requirements;
- Alleges that he or she has been exposed to significant hazards; or
- Testifies or otherwise participates in safety related proceedings.
Miscellaneous Posting Requirements
The Federal Hazard Communication Standard (§1910.1200) does not require a notice to be posted concerning worker right-to-know. However, a number of state worker right-to-know laws and regulations do require a notice or sign to be posted informing employees that their employer has additional information on toxic and hazardous substances in the workplace. Check with your local OSHA office to determine whether your state requires any type of worker right-to-know notice to be posted.
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is intended to provide a means for employees to balance their work and family life by taking reasonable unpaid leave for certain personal obligations. The Department of Labor requires that all regulated companies post a notice informing employees of their rights under this law. There is a monetary penalty for willfully failing to post this notice.
The FMLA requires covered employers to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave to "eligible" employees for certain family and medical reasons. Employees are eligible if they have worked for a covered employer at least one year, and 1,250 hours over the previous 12 months. To be covered, the FMLA requires that an employer have at least 50 employees within a 75 mile radius.
The Fair Labor Standards Act requires employers to display a minimum wage poster in a location where employees can readily see it.
The Employee Polygraph Protection Act requires employers to display a notice regarding employee rights under the Act in a place where employees and job applicants will readily see it.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) requires employers to display this poster in a location where employees can readily see it. This equal employment opportunity is the law poster explains prohibited employment discriminatory practices.
The Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (STAA), effective January 26, 1983, gives the Secretary of Labor authority to investigate complaints by truckers, mechanics, freight handlers and others involved in interstate trucking who believe they have been discharges or discriminated against for protected safety activities.
Since provisions of Section 405 of the STAA covering commercial motor vehicle are similar to nondiscrimination requirements in Section 11(c) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the Secretary has given OSHA responsibility of investigating these complaints. The Section 405 provisions set forth a longer time period for filing complaints, permit immediate reinstatement of discharged employees, and authorize compensatory damages and attorney's fees for aggrieved employees whose complaints are substantiated.
Section 405 prohibits an employer from firing, demoting or in any; other way discriminating against, an employee who:
OSHA has a poster (OSHA 3113) that may be hung in the workplace (OSHA regulations do not require it) to inform employees of their rights under the provisions of the STAA.
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